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Stop wasting money due to poor strategy!
Most of you have surely seen this. Browsing across the internet you find a strategy (a trading pattern) generating various arrows, circles or shapes like this. Based on a few simple rules, you open a trade. Nothing difficult.
At the beginning, everything works OK. At the end (I assume) your results are far below your expectations. Am I right? Sure, all people who have experienced this situation know that I am.
The trick is in the fact that the vast majority of such systems can never work in the long run. If it was possible to trade based on a few simple calculations and indicators someone would have invented such an application a long time ago to do it for you.
How is it possible to trade with profit?
A crucial aspect in all trading models is what is called “human factor”. What is important is to FILTER all signals based on ever-changing support lines, resistance lines, trend lines etc. This will not do any software for you. Therefore, when developing a strategy, you cannot use all signals that appear. You must filter. This is why a strategy user manual (PDF format) was developed.
Remember to test all trading models first!
No matter what type of strategy or trading model you use, first of all, you have to do a rough test. This is why some brokers offer a demo account. In case the strategy doesn’t work you will not lose a single cent. If it does work, you can start trading with real money right now.
You should conduct the test at least a week, ideally a month or more (if you are a conservative trader) before going live.
What is a demo account?
Demo account is a type of trading account which does not contain any real money; you are not allowed to deposit or withdraw money from the account. All money set on the account is de facto virtual money.
Thanks to this account you can perform trades to test how your strategy works. If it doesn’t you will not regret any losses. A click on a button and your money is back. Next, you can re-open your testing.
How to set up a demo account?
There are several ways to set up a demo account. One is to ask the broker or alternatively use an independent provider. More detailed explanation below:
Broker demo account ▶️
Some brokers offer a demo account right on their platform. It includes one major advantage: you can test all features and functions offered by the given platform. You can touch all the possibilities and test. Later on, when you go live, making trades with real money, nothing will surprise you.
This type of demo accounts is offered (for example) by a quality broker IQ Option and an Australia-based broker High Low. How to create a demo account with IQ Option? Guide here.
Read more about the brokers ✔️
|Broker||Bonus||Min Deposit||Payout||Review||Open Account|
RISK WARNING: YOUR CAPITAL MIGHT BE AT RISK
On the other hand, demo account is also offered by an untrustworthy broker, binatex. I personally don’t trust this demo account. The demo account may manipulate with the price to make you feel that given the growing profit you are good enough to start trading with real money. Using a regulated broker, you don’t have to fear such practices.
Third party demo account
Along with the brokers, demo account is also offered by independent providers. There is also one advantage there. These brokers don’t care whether you are a winner or loser. Therefore, you don’t have to be afraid of any manipulation in your favour or disfavour, so the demo account as such is trustworthy.
The above mentioned account is offered at our website, too: Binary options demo account. Another pro is that you don’t have to enter your contact details which prevents you from being annoyed by spam e-mails or calls.
On the other hand, you will “put your hand” on a platform of a broker with whom you are going to make real trades in the future. This could be to your detriment.
▶️▶️▶️ What do you think of it? Do you use demo accounts, too? Send me your comments and opinions (COMMENTS section)!
More about the author Step
I’ve wanted to build a business of some kind and earn money since I was in middle school. I wasn’t very successful though until my senior year in highschool, when I finally started to think about doing online business. Nowadays I profitably trade binary options full-time and thus gladly share my experiences with you. More posts by this author
3 Responses to “Stop wasting money due to poor strategy!”
After i lost so much to scammers am always happy to say it that i have made my first $500k within six months of trading with my researched and amazing strategy, I was able to recoup all my lost investment.
Hello, there are not many people that are ready to invest that much, we are happy that your story has a happy ending. Be aware of scams
Very interesting I whish I will be the one of the winning traders one day
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Stop Wasting Valuable Time
View more from the
September 2004 Issue
Companies routinely squander their most precious resource—the time of their top executives. In the typical company, senior executives meet to discuss strategy for only three hours a month. And that time is poorly spent in diffuse discussions never even meant to result in any decision.
The price of misused executive time is high. Delayed strategic decisions lead to overlooked waste and high costs, harmful cost reductions, missed new product and business development opportunities, and poor long-term investments. But a few deceptively simple changes in the way top management teams set agendas and structure team meetings can make an enormous difference in their effectiveness.
Efficient companies use seven techniques to make the most of the time their top executives spend together. They keep strategy meetings separate from meetings focused on operations. They explore issues through written communications before they meet, so that meeting time is used solely for reaching decisions. In setting agendas, they rank the importance of each item according to its potential to create value for the company. They seek to get issues not only on, but also off, the agenda quickly, keeping to a clear implementation timetable. They make sure they have considered all viable alternatives before deciding a course of action. They use a common language and methodology for reaching decisions. And they insist that, once a decision is made, they stick to it—that there be no more debate or mere grudging compliance.
Once leadership teams get the basics right, they can make more fundamental changes in the way they work together. Strategy making can be transformed from a series of fragmented and unproductive events into a streamlined, effective, and continuing management dialogue. In companies that have done this, management meetings aren’t a necessary evil; they’re a source of real competitive advantage.
The Idea in Brief
Most leadership teams spend just three hours per month making strategic decisions. That translates into less than a week per year. Worse, many teams fritter away those precious hours on unfocused, inconclusive discussion rather than rapid, well-informed decision making.
The consequences? Delayed decisions that lead to wasted resources, missed opportunities, and poor long-term investments. One global firm spent more time each year selecting its holiday card than it did debating a vital Africa strategy.
How can your leadership team avoid such pitfalls? Spend your limited time on issues exerting the greatest impact on your company’s long-term value. Deal with operations separately from strategy. Put real choices on the table, evaluating at least three viable options for every strategy. Use meeting time for decision making—not just discussion—and agree on what was decided. And move issues off your agenda as quickly as possible.
Your reward? Strategic decisions—made better and faster.
The Idea in Practice
Apply these practices to make the best use of your leadership team’s time:
Deal with Strategy and Operations Separately
Holding separate meetings for each prevents day-to-day operations from dominating your team’s agenda and liberates time for substantive strategy debates. Example:
Dutch banking giant ABN AMRO’s board used to spend only about an hour per month on strategy, with most of its meeting time devoted to day-to-day operational details. But market changes required a more strategic focus. The board now spends slightly less time together—but devotes much more of that time to strategy, typically about 10 hours per month.
Focus on Decisions, not Discussions
Enhance the quality and pace of your team’s decision making, for example by distributing reading materials in advance of meetings. Specify why participants must read them (e.g., for information only? discussion and debate? decision making?) This readies participants to devote precious meeting time to deciding crucial issues.
Measure the Real Value of Every Agenda Item
Prioritize meeting agenda items according to each issue’s impact on your company’s long-term value. Address high-value issues only, and delegate low-value issues to lower organizational levels. Example:
At Roche, the Swiss drug and diagnostic product maker, CEO Franz Humer created a “decision agenda” comprising the 10 most important opportunities and problems facing the company. Leaders regularly update the agenda by quantifying the value at stake for each issue and spend over half of their meeting time on those ten items. This process has transformed the quality and pace of Roche’s strategic decision making.
Get Issues off the Agenda Quickly
Develop clear timetables detailing when and how participants will decide each issue and who will approve final strategy. Example:
At Cardinal Health, a pharmaceutical and medical supply distributor, senior managers continually ask themselves, “When must this decision be made?” and ensure that they reach decisions within a predetermined time. Results? Less overanalysis and more rapid decision making.
Put Real Choices on the Table
Evaluate at least three viable alternatives (not just minor variations on one theme) before approving any strategy. This encourages teams to choose the best course of action, not just the most obvious. By debating alternative strategies, British retail bank Lloyds TSB decided to exit international markets, helping to expand its market value 40-fold between 1983 and 2001.
Make Decisions Stick
Explicitly agree on what was decided in the meeting. Then specify the resources (time, talent, and money) required to execute the strategy, as well as the financial results you’ve committed to deliver.
A few days before AnyCo’s biweekly top management team meeting, the CEO’s assistant sends out an e-mail asking attendees to submit agenda items. A hodgepodge of suggestions comes back. The head of HR wants to update the team on a nasty age discrimination lawsuit that’s about to go to trial. The executive vice president for the European business division wants to discuss disturbing competitive trends in her region. The CIO asks for a few minutes to review plans for Sarbanes-Oxley compliance. The manager of the largest North American business unit needs to present a major capital investment proposal for a factory automation program. The marketing senior vice president has to show some alternatives for a big print-advertising campaign. And the CEO himself wants to kick off an effort to revamp the company’s annual planning and budgeting process.
The assistant creates a draft agenda, listing the items in the order they were submitted, allots a best guess of the time needed for each, and runs it by the CEO. He reorders the agenda a bit, putting the routine, operational items up front to ensure that the bulk of the meeting is focused on strategic issues.
But when the meeting takes place, his plan goes awry. The group has a long, drawn out debate about the look and feel of the advertising campaign, and the discussion of Sarbanes-Oxley turns into a gripe session about the IT department. The executives end up with little time to devote to the deeper business issues. They give the factory automation plan a green light after a cursory examination—to the CFO’s great discomfort. They put off consideration of European competition for a future meeting. And they have an unfocused and ultimately inconclusive discussion about the CEO’s new planning process. When the meeting breaks up—an hour late—people leave in a sour and cynical mood, complaining to themselves about another waste of valuable time.
The scenario I’ve just described is played out on a regular basis at almost any company you might name, including, most probably, your own. For although time is the scarcest resource in any company—after all, no amount of money can buy a 25-hour day—the sad reality is that few top executive teams manage their time at all well. As we’ll see in the following pages, the typical company’s senior executives spend less than three days each month working together as a team—and in that time they devote less than three hours to strategic issues. Moreover, in my experience, those three hours are seldom well spent: Strategy discussions tend to be diffuse and unstructured, only rarely designed to reach good decisions quickly.
The price of misused executive time is high. Apart from the frustrations that individual managers suffer, delayed or distorted strategic decisions lead to overlooked waste and high costs, hastily conceived and harmful cost reductions, missed new product and business development opportunities, and poor long-term investments.
But as I will also show, drawing on the experiences of my firm’s clients, a few deceptively simple changes in the way top management teams set agendas and structure meetings can make an enormous difference in their efficiency and effectiveness. And once the members of the leadership team get the basics right, they can make more fundamental changes in the way they work together. Strategy making can be transformed from a series of fragmented and unproductive events into a streamlined, effective, and ongoing management dialogue. For companies that have done this, management meetings aren’t a necessary evil; they’re a source of real competitive advantage, enabling top executives to make better decisions and to make them faster.
How to Get the Time Back
Seven techniques can help you get control of your top management agenda and make sure meeting time is spent building value.
1. Deal with operations separately from strategy.
2. Focus on decisions, not on discussions.
3. Measure the real value of every item on the agenda.
4. Get issues off the agenda as quickly as possible.
5. Put real choices on the table.
6. Adopt common decision-making processes and standards.
7. Make decisions stick.
How Valuable Time Is Squandered
A very real constraint on the financial performance of most companies is top management’s capacity to reach good decisions quickly. Both quality and pace are important. Obviously, poor decisions made too quickly will lead to actions that destroy shareholder value. But good—even great—decisions made too slowly can depress company performance as well. Unfortunately, research shows, few companies manage executive time in a disciplined or systematic way.
In the fall of 2003, my firm, Marakon Associates, collaborated with the Economist Intelligence Unit to conduct a survey of top management team members (the CEO, COO, CFO, business unit presidents, managing directors, and so on) from 187 companies worldwide with market capitalizations of at least $1 billion. We wanted to understand how these teams invest their collective time. Specifically, we wanted to know how much time top managers spend together as a team and, when they meet, how they set priorities, how they manage the time, and how successful they think they are at reaching important decisions.
Even though the companies surveyed compete in different geographic markets and in disparate industries— ranging from telecommunications equipment to wholesale banking to consumer foods—top managers were remarkably consistent in their views of how effective their executive team meetings are. Our findings support what many executives have long suspected—namely, that they spend too much time discussing issues that have little or no direct impact on company value. Even worse, their meetings often fail to produce both the quality and quantity of decisions required to drive superior performance. Specifically, here’s what we discovered.
Top management teams spend relatively little time together.
Executives at the companies we surveyed spent an average of 21 hours a month together in leadership team meetings. Moreover, the time they spent in any one meeting was relatively short, seldom more than four hours at a stretch—and less in bigger companies whose management teams were widely dispersed geographically. Given the importance of the top team’s decisions to company value, it’s clearly imperative that such limited time is used wisely. Sadly, that was hardly the case.
Agenda setting is unfocused and undisciplined.
At half the companies surveyed, top management’s agenda was either exactly the same from meeting to meeting or ad hoc. In fact, when asked how they set meeting priorities, most executives said they were driven by the crisis of the moment (“We have a production problem in Unit A; therefore, this month we will focus top management on Unit A”); historical precedent (“Every November, we review our human resource policies”); or egalitarianism (“Everyone in the room will get his or her chance to speak”).
In many companies, the problem is compounded by the fact that no one is explicitly responsible for managing the leadership team’s agenda. So the process for getting important matters in front of top management can be inefficient, even sloppy. One firm in our sample, for example, set top management’s agenda through what it described as a “first in, first on” process—where (as in our hypothetical example) the CEO’s secretary set the agenda by adding topics as they were phoned in by executive team members. Not surprisingly, too many items frequently ended up on the agenda and, consequently, the team often ran out of time before it could address key items.
Less than 5% of survey respondents said their company had a rigorous and disciplined process for focusing top management’s time on the most important issues. The results are all too predictable. The urgent crowds out the important, and meetings end late, frustrating team members, or—worse yet—end on time without reaching important decisions. In effect, top management delegates many of the company’s most important issues to lower levels in the organization—to individuals ill equipped to deal with the problems’ underlying complexity and poorly placed to see the larger ramifications of their decisions. Such decisions often conflict, as a strategy chosen by one unit works against the strategy chosen by another, slowing execution and undermining performance.
Too little attention is paid to strategy.
It’s probably not surprising, given the ad hoc way meeting priorities are set at most companies, that top management spends less than three hours a month discussing strategy issues (including mergers and acquisitions) or making strategic decisions. In fact, our research reveals, as much as 80% of top management’s time is devoted to issues that account for less than 20% of a company’s long-term value. At one global financial service firm in our survey, for example, a senior line executive reported that top executives spent more time each year selecting the company’s holiday card than debating the bank’s strategy for the entire continent of Africa (where they had made significant capital investments). They are hardly exceptional: The exhibit “Where the Time Goes” gives a detailed breakdown of how a typical top management team spends its time.
Where the Time Goes
One global firm spent more time each year selecting the company’s holiday card than debating its vital Africa strategy.
Top management meetings aren’t structured to produce real decisions.
Most leadership team meetings (more than 65%, according to our research) are not even called for the purpose of making a decision. They’re held for “information sharing,” “group input,” or “group discussion.” The meetings that do focus on strategy are most commonly off-site brainstorming sessions—typically amorphous events that produce few tangible outputs. As a consequence, very few executives surveyed (only 12%) believed that their top management meetings consistently produced decisions on important strategic or organizational issues.
When leadership team meetings do produce decisions, many organizations have difficulty making them stick. Once the meeting ends and the team disbands, participants often take away very different interpretations of the group’s decision. Some members may be unhappy that the team didn’t go far enough in its decision, and they work to stretch the group’s mandate as far as possible in communications down the line. Others may view the team’s decision as incomplete or tentative and communicate only high-level guidance to subordinates, effectively delaying execution until management provides clearer direction. Still others may think the team’s decision is inappropriate or just plain wrong. They can issue what amounts to a silent veto by relaying nothing to the troops, hindering (or even preventing) execution.
Seven Techniques for Exploiting Valuable Time
Serious as they are, the problems I have described can be fixed. At a number of companies—ABN AMRO, Alcan, Barclays, Boeing, Cadbury Schweppes, Cardinal Health, Gillette, Lloyds TSB, and Roche—executives have found ways to improve teamwork at the top. Leaders spend their time together addressing the issues that have the greatest impact on the company’s long-term value. The top management team employs rigorous processes to produce high-quality decisions at pace. As a result, these firms have generated better financial performance and higher rates of value growth than their competitors.
While every executive team we studied is different and faces different challenges, we have been able to identify seven common techniques they all use in some form to manage their agendas and achieve superior value growth. To make the most of the limited time that top management spends together each year, executives at the most successful companies:
Deal with operations separately from strategy.
Reviewing operating performance and making strategy decisions are distinct activities, requiring different modes of discussion and different mind-sets. Our research suggests that the most successful companies hold separate meetings for each purpose. This prevents day-to-day operations from dominating the leadership team’s agenda and frees up time for substantive strategy debates. Dutch banking giant ABN AMRO has recently taken this approach as part of its new management framework.
In the early 1990s, the bank’s managing board—comprising the chairman and the top five executives—spent most of its time reviewing loans and discussing day-to-day operations. That wasn’t a problem in those days, when ABN AMRO had what Rijkman Groenink, the current managing board chairman, describes as “the luxury of capital and talent.” Back then, he recalls, “the bank faced no real capital constraints and few important resource trade-offs.” Thus the board spent very little time, if any, debating strategy or making resource allocation decisions. But when Groenink became chairman in May 2000, ABN AMRO faced significant resource constraints. Global financial markets had consolidated, and stiff competition emerged from the likes of Citigroup, J.P. Morgan Chase, and ING. Confronted with this new reality, Groenink believed ABN AMRO needed “a new and more-disciplined approach to resource allocation.”
An important element of Groenink’s approach was to transform the managing board into a decision-making body that truly had clear authority and could be fairly held accountable for the bank’s performance. This transformation required fundamental changes in both the timing and the structure of board meetings. Whereas historically the board met twice a week for three hours to discuss the bank’s operations, under the new framework it meets only once a week to discuss operations and then once a month—for a full day—to debate strategy and make important resource allocation decisions. The new meeting calendar reduces the time board members spend together each month (from 24 to 22 hours). But it significantly increases the time dedicated to strategy—from as little as one hour a month to as much as ten.
Since then, ABN AMRO has dramatically improved the effectiveness of its board meetings. The clear delineation between operations time and strategy time allows the board to focus each session and perform both roles better. To improve operating reviews, the bank has installed advanced information and performance-reporting systems that allow the team to monitor results and debate operating issues on an exceptions basis. That has left the board free to adopt many of the other improvements to its strategy sessions that I will describe below.
Focus on decisions, not on discussions.
The changes needed to focus a leadership team’s meetings more intensely on decision making can seem almost surprisingly innocuous. At British confectionery and beverage giant Cadbury Schweppes, for example, the chief executive committee approves the company’s strategy and investments. The CEC meets for two full days six times a year to debate important strategic and organizational issues. Two small changes have had a big impact on the quality and pace of this group’s decision-making capabilities.
First, since 1997, all reading materials have been distributed to participants at least five days before each CEC session. Whenever possible, standard templates are used to display important financial, market, and competitor information. This gives each CEC member time to carefully review materials before the meeting and quickly get up to speed on important issues. Second, a standard cover sheet is included with all materials specifying precisely why people are being asked to read them—for information purposes only, for discussion and debate (in which case, the key issues are highlighted), or for making a decision and deciding a course of action.
Since the purpose of each agenda item is clearly indicated and all materials are reviewed in advance, CEC members can devote meeting time to making decisions on important issues rather than to having those issues explained in lengthy PowerPoint presentations. What’s more, the structure imposed by the standard cover sheet has encouraged Cadbury Schweppes executives to deal with many matters outside the meetings—to find other ways to review materials marked “for information purposes” only and to gather input from CEC members before meetings on items marked “for discussion and debate.” This reserves even more meeting time for items labeled “action and decision.”
Some companies find that shifting the focus of their top management meetings from discussion to decision making has a wholly transformative effect. That was true at the British bank Barclays, where Matt Barrett spurred a cultural revolution soon after becoming group chief executive in 1999. The bank’s executive committee (EXCO), a group of managers representing business and functional silos, had held weekly meetings that amounted to what Barrett calls “bilateral discussions with the CEO with an audience.” But Barrett made it clear that he wanted the EXCO to be an integral part of governance and control—to be, in his words, “the linchpin between management and the board of directors.” To do that, it had to focus its time on decision making.
One of the first steps Barrett took was to establish a common ambition for the team—to create “a real passion for performance at Barclays,” spurring the EXCO to set the objective of doubling the market value of the bank in five years. Next, EXCO members saw to it that this objective was transmitted to each line of business—to the investment bank, the retail bank, the credit card division, and so on. In this way, it was made clear that each member of the EXCO had a role to play in driving value growth at the bank. Finally, detailed information was developed for each line of business specifying where and how it was creating and destroying value (often at the product and customer level). The establishment of common goals, combined with the generation of such detailed strategic and financial information, allowed Barrett to focus the EXCO on tangible debates about what needed to be done to double the value of the bank. The result has been a marked change in the nature of EXCO meetings. Where once the bank was “drowning in tactical issues,” Barrett maintains, “80% of the EXCO’s time is now focused on strategic decision making.”
Measure the real value of every item on the agenda.
If top managers were presented with five issues, and they knew that resolving one would create 20 times more value than dealing with the other four combined, they would naturally spend their time addressing the issue of highest value. Of course, the importance of agenda items is rarely labeled so explicitly. As a result, top executives risk wasting valuable time on trivial issues and postponing important decisions, sometimes indefinitely.
Successful companies prioritize the problems and opportunities on top management’s agenda according to the “value at stake”—that is, according to the impact that resolving each issue will have on the company’s long-term intrinsic value (the net present value of the company’s future cash flows discounted at the appropriate risk-adjusted cost of capital). This can be done through a broad sensitivity analysis using the company’s valuation model; numeric precision is not the object of this analysis, only a general understanding. Typically, lower levels of the organization should address the low value-at-stake issues. Conversely, high value-at-stake issues should always be on top management’s agenda irrespective of organizational boundaries. Identifying items according to their strategic value makes top management’s agenda the critical tool in driving company performance and translating strategy into action.
Roche, the Swiss drug and diagnostic product maker, is one company that uses this approach particularly effectively. CEO Franz Humer has created a “decision agenda” comprising the ten most important opportunities and problems the company faces. A disciplined process is used to create and update the agenda in which the value at stake is quantified for each issue. All together, work on those ten items takes up more than half of the chief executive committee’s time each year. By focusing top managers’ time on Roche’s highest value issues in this way, Humer has transformed the quality and pace of strategic decision making at the company.
Get issues off the agenda as quickly as possible.
Companies that focus top management on growing long-term value have just as rigorous a process for getting issues off the agenda as they do for getting the right issues on it in the first place. In other words, once the right issues are on management’s agenda, it’s imperative that the team have a clear way to resolve them. Such a process must include an unambiguous timetable, detailing when and how team members will reach a decision on each issue and who must be involved in approving the final strategy.
At Cardinal Health, founder and CEO Bob Walter maintains that “a leader needs to keep people’s noses to the grindstone and raise their eyes to the horizon.” This view, combined with Walter’s natural impatience, has given rise to a leadership model that treats “delay as the worst form of denial.” So, all senior managers at the pharmaceutical and medical supply distributor work under a strict decision-making timetable driven from the top. Walter explains: “If you get to the end of a meeting and people ask, ‘Did we make a decision on that? Oh, I guess we decided to delay,’ then you are in denial.…I have a mental clock running at all times that pushes me to move ahead. I try to get everybody else moving ahead as well.”
Walter pressures Cardinal’s managers to continually ask themselves, “When does this decision need to be made?” and then make sure their timetable will enable them to reach a decision in time. All communications are streamlined—or, as Walter puts it, “crisp”—to focus the team on the most important aspects of a decision. Furthermore, Walter himself keeps a careful check on the decision timetable so that issues get off management’s agenda as quickly as possible. This practice facilitates rapid decision making and prevents overanalysis.
Put real choices on the table.
Once the right issues are on the table and the clock is running, the most important requirement for effective strategic decision making is to present viable options. After all, management can’t make choices if it doesn’t have real alternatives. In our view, management needs to have at least three alternatives before any strategy should be discussed or approved. These must be real alternatives—not just minor variations on a single theme. But our research suggests that this practice is the exception rather than the rule at most companies. Only 14% of the executives we surveyed were consistently presented with any alternative strategies.
Perhaps no executive has used alternatives more effectively to drive breakout performance than Brian Pitman, former chairman and CEO of the British retail bank Lloyds TSB (and currently on Marakon’s board of external advisers). Under his leadership, the bank’s market value increased an incredible 40-fold from 1983 to 2001. Pitman would tell his executive team: “There is always a better strategy; we just haven’t thought of it yet.” Accordingly, he would insist on seeing at least three alternatives from every Lloyds TSB business before approving that business’s strategy. “To be confident of what you are accepting,” he would say, “you have got to understand what you are rejecting.” By forcing a constructive debate about alternatives, Pitman drove a number of fundamental changes in the bank’s strategy, impelling the company to exit international markets, establish a low-cost position, and initiate a drive to deliver truly superior customer service. Under his leadership, the search for alternatives was relentless. “The second you believe you have a ‘winning strategy,’ you are going to be copied,” he insists. “You have got to be constantly focused on reinventing your business.…It all starts and ends with alternatives.”
In considering strategy alternatives, many top management teams find it helpful to separate their discussion of alternatives from their ultimate selection of the best strategy. This practice puts all options on the table before starting the evaluation process. How many times have executives sat through a presentation of a strategic plan or investment proposal knowing that there was another viable course but not knowing whether it had been considered and rejected? That’s why companies like ABN AMRO, Cadbury Schweppes, and Boeing often hold a meeting to discuss alternatives before they meet to approve a course of action. Here, “approve” means there are no other appropriate alternatives that the top team hasn’t reviewed. And it means that none of the alternatives the team has reviewed is illegal or in conflict with some other strategic initiative at the company.
Separating the generation of strategic alternatives from their evaluation and approval improves the ultimate selection process. When top managers are confident that all alternatives have been thoroughly evaluated, they are much more willing to choose a course of action and allocate the necessary resources—in effect, to make a final decision. There’s less chance of rework—the all-too-common scramble at lower levels to generate additional analysis to “satisfy the boss”—and the ultimate choice is more meaningful.
Adopt common decision-making processes and standards.
Some top management teams find it difficult to accelerate the pace of decision making without sacrificing quality, but there are ways to avoid that trade-off. Even if they can’t make each decision any faster, they can reach more decisions in the same amount of time by considering more issues in tandem. To do so, companies with superior decision-making capabilities use a common language, methodology, and set of standards for making decisions. This lets them address many issues at once—often outside the team meetings. Individual decisions may not be made any faster in this way, but the team will be able to reach many more decisions each year.
Barclays is a case in point. Barrett believes that much of the improvement in the bank’s performance under his leadership has come from increases in both the quality and the quantity of executive committee decisions, which were made possible by a common language and decision-making methodology.
“We have a couple of important standards,” Barrett explains. “No self-delusion, and create and sustain competitive advantage or don’t do it.” All strategic decisions are subject to three tests that are well understood throughout the organization: They must be fact based, alternatives driven, and consequential. By “fact based,” Barclays means that opportunities must be identified through a clear understanding of how each Barclays business creates (or could create) shareholder value. Strategic and financial information (the “facts”) must be provided to show that there is sufficient value at stake to justify EXCO consideration. By “alternatives driven,” Barclays means simply that before any recommendation is made, at least three alternatives must be presented to the EXCO for scrutiny and debate. “Consequential” means that after a decision is reached, it has to be embedded in a business’s operating plan, and its subsequent performance must be carefully monitored. Establishing these common standards has effectively expanded the executive committee’s capacity to make decisions without sacrificing their quality.
Make decisions stick.
Often, the biggest challenge a top management team faces is agreeing on what it agreed to in the meeting. Indeed, unless strategic decisions are translated into something tangible, they can become subject to reinterpretation or, even worse, fall victim to the silent veto.
Often, the biggest challenge a top management team faces is agreeing on what it agreed to in the meeting.
Like Barclays, several successful companies we studied make the strategic decision-making process consequential by tying resource allocation to strategy approval. At ABN AMRO, Alcan, and Cadbury Schweppes, for example, the outcome of strategic planning is a formal performance contract, which specifies the resources (time, talent, and money) required to execute the strategy, as well as the financial results that management pledges to deliver.
This process makes strategic decisions stick in two ways. First, it forces companies to be clear about what the final decision is. If there is ambiguity about the resources required to execute the strategy or about what results should be expected over time, the leadership team can withhold its approval until those things are nailed down. In effect, tying decisions to resources means the leadership team must formally approve each business unit’s strategy. Second, performance contracts make strategy delivery easier to track. A business unit’s performance can be monitored relative to the terms of its contract. If the business fails to deliver its contracted level of performance, then the strategy goes back on top management’s agenda for reevaluation and eventual course correction. The business units and top management are left with little room for doubt or reinterpretation.
In addition to process solutions like performance contracts, some companies establish norms of behavior for leadership team members to foster greater collaboration and to make decisions stick. When Jim Kilts became CEO of Gillette in 2001, for example, he established just such clear ground rules. One was: “Decisions at Gillette are final. The team is free to debate any decision in staff meetings, but once a decision is reached, there is no more debate—no ‘I don’t agree with this, but I’ll do it anyway’ hallway conversations.”
To put teeth into the team’s norms, Kilts has members rate each other’s performance every year—a rating that has a significant impact on their compensation. “Top management compensation used to be based on effort rather than results,” Kilts says. “The higher the promise, the better the reward, and the last one in with bad news got off easiest.” Now, at the end of each year, the Gillette executive team grades the quality of its decision making and its overall performance (on a one-to-five scale) in this way:
- All team members grade themselves.
- The CEO grades each team member.
- Each team member grades the team overall.
- Each team member grades each of the other team members.
In this way, Kilts and the other members of Gillette’s executive team keep the focus on decision making and encourage individual members to keep their commitments. • • •
If more companies recognized that top management’s time was their most precious resource, we would see many more of them adopting the practices I have just described. Strategic planning would not be about off-sites or planning books. It would be a matter of ensuring that the top management team focuses on the most important issues, considers all viable alternatives, and makes the best possible choice in the shortest period of time. Meeting agendas would be systematically managed and continually refreshed so that the right issues came on—and off—the agenda as quickly as possible. In short, strategic planning would be designed to exploit valuable time and drive more and better decisions faster.
LEAN ENTERPRISE | SCALED AGILE | DEVOPS RESILIENCE
Warning: Your Company is WASTING Money.
Warning: Your Company is WASTING Money.
Companies are throwing away money. The bottom line is sick. Margins are dying.
In my last post I said the number one sign of “Information Inefficiency” is the clipboard. To take Lean and Six Sigma to the next level, a disruption must occur. The workplace experience must be transformed. However, accomplishing true disruption will take more than replacement of each paper process one by one with a virtual process. Replacing each clipboard in your company with a tablet is simply not enough.
Your company is losing money to the clipboard mindset.
The clipboard mindset has several symptoms:
- The worker capturing information cannot easily pass that expertise to new employees.
- The information lives in an abbreviated form until the worker adds context elsewhere.
- The form/paperwork itself requires training before it can be utilized.
- It takes more than a day for the information to “go digital”.
The clipboard mindset is pervasive in the digital era. Your workforce may not carry around paper forms on a clipboard with a No. 2 pencil anymore by my experience with hundreds of companies is that the inefficiencies of the clipboard mindset spread like a virus into our laptops, tablets, and smart phones.
What’s the real cost of clipboard mindset?
#1 – Delayed information symmetry.
Imagine the three most important pieces of information for your P&L. Where did it originate? Where does it go? How long did that take? In economics, information asymmetry is a crucial element of Game Theory and the Nash Equilibrium. In a zero-sum game in which each player tries to make a decision based on the potential decisions of every other player, “information asymmetry” is like being the only poker player who can see another player’s cards. While we typically apply this to businesses competing with one another, the same can apply to every decision that will impact more than one person.
Although it is not possible to know the same information that your competition knows about themselves, minimizing the time it takes to know your own business is critical. In the information age, information symmetry up and down and across the organization must be instantaneous to keep decisions informed. A clipboard delays information symmetry between the person who gained the insight and the person who needs to make a decision about it.
#2 – Social Decontextualization.
Whatever piece or pieces of information you’re imagining right now, this information is fundamentally social in nature. How often does it need additional explanation? How long does it take to get that explanation, or – worse yet – how often do you dismiss it because an explanation isn’t available?
Whether that information came from a conversation with an employee, a site visit by a sales manager, or diagnostic output from specialized machinery, every clipboard – physical or digital – is missing human context. Every checkbox strips out nuance, every fill-in-the-blank limits information sharing, every abbreviated word gambles against forgetfulness. Context is fundamental to human expression. Why is it decontextualization so inefficient? The social and tribal part of our brains and makes decisions has no capacity to understand language. As Simon Sinek shares,
Our newest brain, our Homo Sapien brain, our neocortex, corresponds with the “what” level. The neocortex is responsible for all of our rational and analytical thought and language. The middle two sections make up our limbic brains, and our limbic brains are responsible for all of our feelings, like trust and loyalty. It’s also responsible for all human behavior, all decision-making, and it has no capacity for language.
Sharing the feeling of the moment is the most important element of taking one person’s social context and passing it to another as actionable information. A clipboard captures very little of our context so that is not passed from the person who felt the moment and the person who needs to make a decision about it.
#3 – Decision Fatigue.
If your company has introduced a wellness program, you may have already heard of the idea of “presenteeism” – showing up to work for your normal day but so “out of it” that the contribution is well below 100%. While the wellness community focuses on the impact of poor-but-not-quite-sick “physical” health, the clipboard mindset is the root of another form of presenteeism: decision fatigue.
The neuroscience of decision-making shows that the entire brain and even a fair amount of the body uses up resources in the process of turning executive function into action. The more you have to recall from long-forgotten memories, the higher the level of attentiveness required, the more stress or other emotions that get involved, and the greater the threat or potential reward of the moment – these drain taxing multiple systems in a smartphone (geolocation, graphics processing, bluetooth) drain the battery of a smartphone.
Problematically, while we can make other plans for getting directions if our smartphone battery dies, when our decision-making “battery” is exhausted, we often have several hours of work and decisions to make! Feeling stuffy due to allergies may reduce your attentiveness, but hitting the decision fatigue wall at 2pm causes the brain to rely purely on fight, flight, or freeze. This type of presenteeism doesn’t just make us less efficient, it makes us overreact, avoidant, or complacent about the status quo.
While productivity experts will recommend structuring your day and creating a routine that removes unnecessary decisions, these are the low-hanging fruit of decision fatigue.
Transformative mobility revolutionizes businesses by tackling the the toughest, most painful consequences of decision fatigue – adding context, recommending information, removing fear of failure, minimizing the need of distant memories, communicating instantly rather than adding the fear of forgetting the meaning of your own notes.
Breaking the Clipboard Mindset
If your current Mobility Strategy has left the clipboard mindset intact, move the conversation to finding ways improving the workplace experience can increase the engagement and effectiveness of your employees:
- Capture context seamlessly – location, weather conditions, and biometric data are all becoming simpler to capture along with the information the employee adds
- Use visual cues rather than words – The decision-making part of the brain doesn’t read the words, use photo, video, and metaphor rather than words
- Help answer questions – don’t just fill in the blank: one choice should simplify the next choice by narrowing the possible options, reducing the stress of poor decisions
- Proactively provide information – from geofencing to notifications, employees should not hunt for what they need – it should already be there
- Rely on search over personal memory – a simple front-end and powerful back-end will empower workers to find what they need rather than memorizing it
STOP wasting money!
The clipboard mindset is destroying the ROI of your human and IT resource investments, perpetuating bad margins through inefficiency and ineffectiveness, it is time to break yourself and your company free.
If you are looking for ideas or training on these concepts for you and your team, send me a message.
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